PYROLYSIS AS A KEY PROCESS IN BIOMASS COMBUSTION AND THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION
Vinča Nuclear Research Institute, Belgrade, Srbija
Biomass is a fuel with a highly volatile content and due to that, pyrolysis as a part of the combustion process, has a dominant role in the overall process devel-opment, as well as on final products and the process efficiency. It is of key im-portance to investigate the influence of the process parameters; as temperature, furnace/reactor environment, fuel properties, type, particle size, geometry, and the structure of the pyrolysis process has an influence regards the design of the combustion/pyrolysis equipment and the final products of the processes. This pa-per gives some results of the investigation’s related to this problem, mainly fo-cussing on wooden biomass as the most important biomass type, as well as a comparison with relevant documented literature. Besides that, pyrolysis based technologies are one of the key directions in synthetic fuels production based on biomass. Biomass pyrolysis process parameters are crucial in reactor design as well as the quantity and quality of the final products. This paper provides discus-sion dedicated to this aspect with a focus on slow pyrolysis, targeting charcoal as the key product, and fast pyrolysis, targeting synthetic gas as the key product.
biomass, wood, pyrolysis, combustion, volatiles, fuel, synthetic