FREQUENCY OF SPECIFIC PATHOLOGICAL PROCESSES – FOCAL DENTAL INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH ALOPECIA AREATA
Serbian Medical Association Kragujevac district branch
The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of specific pathological processes on teeth in patients with alopecia areata. The research was done in medical-esthetic center "Dermato-dentomedik" in Brcko and the Clinic for Dermatovenerology of University Clinical Center, Tuzla. The study included 75 patients which were divided into three groups. The first group consisted of patients suffering from alopecia areata treated only surgically. The second group consisted of patients suffering from alopecia areata treated with surgical and local dermatological therapy. The third group included patients suffering from alopecia areata treated only with dermatological therapy. In the first group of patients (n = 20) who were treated only by removing the focus, the most common pathological processes were chronic apical lesions and cysts (30%). In the second group of patients (n = 27) who were treated by removing the focus and local dermatological therapy the most frequent was periodontal disease with 29.6%. In the third group of patients (n = 26) who were treated with a local dermatological therapy, the most common pathological processes were chronic apical lesions (38.5%), cysts (26.9%) and periodontal (19.2%). Our study presents the frequency of pathological odontogenic focus in alopecia areata, with the importance of a common multidisciplinary approach to treatment which can be accomplished the greatest success in the treatment of alopecia areata.
focal infection; dental; alopecia areata; treatment