TGF-Β AS A MARKER OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS AND DISEASE SEVERITY
Ulcerative colitis (UC) represents chronic infl ammation of the large intestine. Immune response plays an important role in disease genesis and progression. Activated leukocytes secrete several cytokines that actively regulate the infl ammatory response in UC. Th e aim of this study was to determine levels of cytokines IL-17, IL-27, IFN-γ and TGF-β in patients with UC and to test them as biomarkers for disease. The blood samples of 24 patients with ulcerative colitis without previous treatment and 37 healthy individuals were analyzed. Serum levels of IL-17, IL-27, IFN-γ and TGF-β were measured using sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Serum levels of IL-17, IL-27, IFN-γ and TGF-β were increased in patients with UC, compared to healthy controls (p=0.022; p=0.001; p=0.001; and p=0.002; respectively). Ratios of cytokines IL-27/IL-17, IFN-γ/TGF-β and IL-17/TGF-β were signifi cantly higher in group of patients with UC (p=0.002; p=0.002; p=0.003; respectively). Serum value of TGF-β higher than 20 pg/ml presents a highly sensitive and specifi c marker for UC. We believe that increased production and predominance of immunosupressive TGF-β may represent compensatory mechanism for ongoing pro-infl ammatory processes in UC.
Ulcerative colitis, IL-17, IL-27, IFN-γ and TGF-β