Comprehensive geriatric assessment: comparison of elderly hemodialysis patients and primary care patients

Backgrounds: The quality of life and survival of elderly depend not only on their age but on many social and health factors. In the present study, comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) was made in elderly patients on regular hemodialysis (HD) and those without chronic kidney disease recruited in primary health care in order to compare their sociodemographic characteristics, physical health, functional ability and social support. Method: The 106 HD patients and 300 primary care patients aged 70 years and more were studied. Data on sociodemographic characteristics, neurosensory deficits, pain, falls, polypharmacy, basic activities of daily living (ADL) questionnaire, instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) questionnaire were obtained during interview. The Timed Up and Go, Nutritional Health Checklist, Two Question Instrument for depression and Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) were applied. Results: No significant differences were found for age, gender, education level and dwelling between the two groups. A lower percentage of HD patients lived alone when compared with controls. BMI425 kg/m2 had 43.4% of HD patients and 49.3% of controls. CCI differed significantly between HD and primary care patients (median: 6 vs. 4) and significantly more HD patients reported depression. No significant difference was found between groups for cognitive dysfunction and ADL, but HD patients had significantly lower IADL scores than controls. The mobility of HD patients was worse; 45.7% of them reported falls in the previous year but only 9.7% from the controls. Conclusions: CGA revealed that HD patients had significantly higher CCI, worse IADL score, mobility and reported more frequent falls, depression and impaired vision than primary care patients.
Кључне речи
Comprehensive geriatric assessment, hemodialysis, primary care patients