Thermal Behavior Modeling Based on BP Neural Network in Keras Framework for Motorized Machine Tool Spindles

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This paper presents the development and evaluation of neural network models using a small input–output dataset to predict the thermal behavior of a high-speed motorized spindles. Different neural multi-output regression models were developed and evaluated using Keras, one of the most popular deep learning frameworks at the moment. ANN was developed and evaluated considering the following: the influence of the topology (number of hidden layers and neurons within), the learning parameter, and validation techniques. The neural network was simulated using a dataset that was completely unknown to the network. The ANN model was used for analyzing the effect of working conditions on the thermal behavior of the motorized grinder spindle. The prediction accuracy of the ANN model for the spindle thermal behavior ranged from 95% to 98%. The results show that the ANN model with small datasets can accurately predict the temperature of the spindle under different working conditions. In addition, the analysis showed a very strong effect of type coolant on spindle unit temperature, particularly for intensive cooling with water
Кључне речи
high-speed motorized spindle; thermal behavior; deep learning; neural network; small dataset; Keras; TensorFlow