MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION OF THE RESISTANCE SPOT-WELDING PROCESS PARAMETERS FOR THE WELDING OF DUAL-PHASE STEEL DP500
Institute of Metal Materials and Technologies
Resistance spot welding (RSW) is still the most used form of welding in the automotive industry, primarily for welding steel. One of the advanced steels used in the automotive industry is dual-phase steel, so it is important to properly select the welding parameter for these steels. Therefore, this paper presents multi-objective optimization in the RSW welding process of DP 500 steel. The paper considers three different mechanical characteristics i.e., the failure load (F), failure displacement (l) and weld nugget diameter (D), as all these welding characteristics play significant roles in evaluating the quality of spot welding. The results show that the welding current is the most influential parameter with respect to the mechanical characteristics. The effect of welding time on the weld quality is the least significant. The optimal parameters for welding DP 500 steel obtained in this paper are weld current 8 kA, electrode force 4.91 kN and weld time 400 ms.
resistance spot welding, multi-Taguchi method optimization, DP steel